definition of drama by The Free Dictionary



 (drä′mə, drăm′ə)n.1.

a. A prose or verse composition, especially one telling a serious story, that is intended for representation by actors impersonating the characters and performing the dialogue and action.

b. A serious narrative work or program for television, radio, or the cinema.

2. Theatrical plays of a particular kind or period: Elizabethan drama.

3. The art or practice of writing or producing dramatic works.

4. A situation or succession of events in real life having the dramatic progression or emotional effect characteristic of a play: the drama of the prisoner’s escape and recapture.

5. The quality or condition of being dramatic: a summit meeting full of drama.

[Late Latin drāma, drāmat-, from Greek, from drān, to do, perform.]

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈdrɑːmə) n

1. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a work to be performed by actors on stage, radio, or television; play

2. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) the genre of literature represented by works intended for the stage

3. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) the art of the writing and production of plays

4. a situation or sequence of events that is highly emotional, tragic, or turbulent

[C17: from Late Latin: a play, from Greek: something performed, from drān to do]

Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈdrɑ mə, ˈdræm ə)

n., pl. -mas.

1. a prose or verse composition presenting in dialogue and action a story involving conflict or contrast of characters, intended to be performed on the stage; play.

2. dramatic art or literature in general.

3. any event or series of events having vivid, conflicting elements that capture one’s interest.

4. the quality of being dramatic.

[1505–15; < Late Latin < Greek drâma consequential act, action (of a play) =drâ(n) to do + -ma n. suffix of result]

Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


Classical Drama, recognition or discovery, as of a disguised character, one thought to be lost, or a critical fact.

(in ancient Greek choral odes) 1. the response made to a preceding strophe, while the chorus is moving from left to right.


. the movement of the chorus. Cf.


. See also


. —

antistrophic, antistrophal



the climax of a play or other dramatic representation; that part preceding the catastrophe, where the action is at its height.

(in the Aristotelian concept of art, especially with reference to tragic drama) the purging of the emotions, traditionally said to be those of pity and fear. See also



a drama expressed in dance or with dance as an integral part of its content and form.

the theories, attitudes, and techniques of a group of Soviet writers of the 1920s who attempted to reconcile ideological beliefs with technical achievement, especially in stage design, where effects produced were geometrical and nonrepresentational. — constructivist, n., adj.

the final resolution of the plot, following the climax.

the device of resolving dramatic action by the introduction of an unexpected, improbable, or forced character or incident.

Greek Drama, the role that is second in importance to that of the protagonist, or main character.

a dramatic monologue.

the art of writing or producing plays. — dramaturge, dramaturgist, n.

a play or drama for two characters or actors.

a dialogue for two people, especially as a complete dramatic performance or as part of one.

1. the final section of a literary work, often added by way of explanation, comment, etc.
2. a closing speech in a play, often delivered after the completion of the main action. — epilogistic, adj.

the main action of a drama, leading up to the catastrophe. Cf. protasis.

1. Greek Drama, the catastrophe or conclusion of a play.
2. Roman Drama, a comical or satirical piece added at the end of a play.

the occupation of actors; playacting.

1. a sensational drama with events and emotions extravagantly expressed.
2. an opera or a stage play with songs and music, often of a romantic nature. — melodramatic, adj.

a drama written for one actor or character. — monodramatic, adj.

Literature. a sudden change in the course of events, especially in dramatic works.

a photoplay or dramatic narrative illustrated with or related through photographs.

the principal character in the drama.

Classical Drama,

the first part of a play, when the characters are introduced. Cf.


. See also




. —

protatic, adj.

a speech in which a character reveals his thoughts to the audience but not to other characters in the play. — soliloquist, n.

the art or skill of producing or staging plays.

dialogue in single alternating lines, as found in ancient Greek drama. — stichomythic, adj.

that part of the ancient Greek choral odes sung by the chorus while moving from right to left. Cf. antistrophe. — strophic, adj.

Greek Drama, a series of four dramas, three of them tragedies and one a satyr-play; hence, any series of four related works, literary, dramatic, operatic, etc.

the art of the theater or of acting. — theatrical, n., adj.

a mania for the theater.

-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:

Noun 1. drama - a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stagedrama – a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage; “he wrote several plays but only one was produced on Broadway”drama

– the literary genre of works intended for the theater

theater of the absurd

– plays stressing the irrational or illogical aspects of life, usually to show that modern life is pointless; “Samuel Beckett and Eugene Ionesco have written plays for the theater of the absurd”


– a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet

miracle play

– a medieval play representing episodes from the life of a saint or martyr

morality play

– an allegorical play popular in the 15th and 16th centuries; characters personified virtues and vices">mystery play

– a medieval play representing episodes from the life of Christ

satyr play

– an ancient Greek burlesque with a chorus of satyrs

2. drama – an episode that is turbulent or highly emotionalepisode

– a happening that is distinctive in a series of related events

night terror

– an emotional episode (usually in young children) in which the person awakens in terror with feelings of anxiety and fear but is unable to remember any incident that might have provoked those feelings

3. drama – the literary genre of works intended for the theaterwarhorse

– a work of art (composition or drama) that is part of the standard repertory but has become hackneyed from much repetition



dramatic play



– a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage; “he wrote several plays but only one was produced on Broadway”

closet drama

– drama more suitable for reading that for performing


– light and humorous drama with a happy ending


– drama in which the protagonist is overcome by some superior force or circumstance; excites terror or pity

black humor


black humour

– the juxtaposition of morbid and farcical elements (in writing or drama) to give a disturbing effect


– of or relating to or characteristic of tragedy; “tragic hero”


– of or relating to or characteristic of comedy; “comic hero”


– of or relating to or characteristic of tragicomedy; “a playwright specializing in tragicomic drama”

4. drama – the quality of being arresting or highly emotional

Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


noun3. excitement, crisis, dramatics, spectacle, turmoil, histrionics, theatrics the drama of a hostage release

“Drama is life with the dull bits cut out” [Alfred Hitchcock]
“The drama is make-believe. It does not deal with the truth but with effect” [W. Somerset Maugham The Summing Up]
“Life is full of internal dramas, instantaneous and sensational, played to an audience of one” [Anthony Powell]

see theatre terms


Types of drama  comedy, comedy of manners, commedia dell’arte, costume piece or costume drama, farce, Grand Guignol, Jacobean, kabuki, Kathakali, kitchen sink, melodrama, morality play, mystery play, No or Noh, passion play, Restoration Comedy, revenge tragedy, shadow play, situation comedy or sitcom, sketch, soap opera, street theatre, theatre of cruelty, theatre of the absurd, tragedy, tragicomedy

Dramatists  Aeschylus (Greek), Edward Albee (U.S.), Robert Amos (Australian), Jean Anouilh (French), Aristophanes (Greek), Alan Ayckbourn (English), Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (French), Francis Beaumont (English), Samuel Beckett (Irish), Brendan Behan (Irish), Richard Beynon (Australian), Alan Bleasdale (English), Edward Bond (English), Bertolt Brecht (German), Eugene Brieux (French), Pedro Calderón de la Barca (Spanish), George Chapman (English), Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian), William Congreve (English), Pierre Corneille (French), Noël (Pierce) Coward (English), Thomas Dekker (English), John Dryden (English), T(homas) S(tearns) Eliot (U.S.-British), Louis Esson (Australian), Euripides (Greek), John Fletcher (English), Dario Fo (Italian), John Ford (English), Brian Friel (Irish), John Galsworthy (English), Jean Genet (French), W(illiam) S(chwenk) Gilbert (English), (Hippolyte) Jean Giraudoux (French), Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (German), Nikolai Gogol (Russian), Oliver Goldsmith (Irish), Oriel Gray (Australian), Robert Greene (English), David Hare (English), Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann (German), Václav Havel (Czech), Alfred Hayes (U.S.), (Christian) Friedrich Hebbel (German), Dorthy Hewett (Australian), Thomas Heywood (English), Jack Hibberd (Australian), Sidney Howard (U.S.), Henrik Ibsen (Norwegian), William Motter Inge (U.S.), Eugène Ionesco (Romanian-French), Ben Jonson (English), George Kaiser (German), Tony Kushner (U.S.), Thomas Kyd (English), Ray Lawler (Australian), Liz Lochhead (Scottish), Lope de Vega (Spanish), Federico Garcia Lorca (Spanish), Maurice Maeterlinck (Belgian), David Mamet (U.S.), Christopher Marlowe (English), John Marston (English), Menander (Greek), Arthur Miller (U.S.), Molière (French), Barry Oakley (Australian), Sean O’Casey (Irish), Eugene (Gladstone) O’Neill (U.S.), Joe Orton (English), John Osborne (English), Thomas Otway (English), John Patrick (U.S.), Arthur Wing Pinero (English), Harold Pinter (English), Luigi Pirandello (Italian), Titus Maccius Plautus (Roman), Hal Porter (Australian), Aleksander Sergeyevich Pushkin (Russian), Jean Baptiste Racine (French), Terence Mervyn Rattigan (English), John Romeril (Australian), Willy Russell (English), Thomas Sackville (English), Jean-Paul Sartre (French), Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (German), Lucius Annaeus Seneca (Roman), Alan Seymour (Australian), Peter Shaffer (English), William Shakespeare (English), George Bernard Shaw (Irish), Sam Shepard (U.S.), Richard Brinsley Sheridan (Irish), Robert Sherwood (U.S.), Sophocles (Greek), Wole Soyinka (Nigerian), Tom Stoppard (Czech-English), August Strindberg (Swedish), John Millington Synge (Irish), Terence (Roman), John Webster (English), Oscar Wilde (Irish), Thornton Wilder (U.S.), Tennessee Williams (U.S.), David Keith Williamson (Australian), William Wycherly (English)

Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


أحْداث درامِيَّهالمَسْرَحِيَّهدرامادراما: مَسْرَحِيَّهفَن المَسْرَحِيَّه

dramadramatické umění






áhrifamikill atburîurleikbókmenntirleiklistleikrit

dramadramatiškaidramatiški įvykiaidramatizavimasdramatizuoti

drāmadramatiski notikumidramaturģijaskatuves māksla

divadelné umenie

dramadramska umetnostigra




Collins Spanish Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005





n (TV) → Dokumentarspiel nt

Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ˈdraːmə) noun2.

plays for the stage in general.

modern drama. drama المَسْرَحِيَّه драма drama drama das Schauspiel drama; teaterstykke θέατροteatro, drama näitekirjandus نمایشنامه näytelmä théâtreמחזה रंगमंच के लिए नाटक drama színműirodalom teater leikbókmenntir teatro 演劇 일반 드라마 dramaturgija dramaturģija sandiwara theaterdrama, skuespill utwory sceniczne ډرامه drama teatru драма dráma dramatika drama dramatik, teater ละคร oyun 戲劇 драматична література; драматургія اسٹیج کے لۓ تیار کیا گیا ڈراما nghệ thuật biểu diễn 戏剧3.

the art of acting in plays.

He studied drama at college. drama فَن المَسْرَحِيَّه драма arte dramática dramatické umění die Schauspielkunst drama; teatervidenskab δραματική τέχνη arte dramático teatrikunst هنر نمایش näyttely art dramatiqueמשחק नाटकों में अभिनय करने की कला dramaturgija drámairodalom, színművészet seni drama leiklist teatro 演劇 연출 teatro menas skatuves māksla pementasan toneeldrama, teaterkunst/-vitenskap, scenekunstaktorstwo نمايش، ښودنه arte dramática artă dramatică драматическое искусство divadelné umenie dramska umetnost drama drama, dramatik การละคร tiyatro sanatı 戲劇藝術 драматичне мистецтво ڈراما پیش کرنے کا فن biên kịch 戏剧艺术4.

exciting events.

Life here is full of drama. drama أحْداث درامِيَّه драма drama drama das Drama drama συναρπαστικά γεγονότα drama põnevus ماجرای هیجان انگیز jännittävät tapahtumat drame אֵירוּע דְרָמָטִי उत्तेजनापूर्ण घटनाक्रम dramatičan, uzbudljiv događaj dráma drama áhrifamikill atburður dramma 劇的なこと 극적인 사건 dramatiški įvykiai dramatiski notikumi rentetan dramatiekspenning, dramatikk dramaty, emocje پارونكى ماجرا drama dramă драматизм dráma dramatičnost drama dramatik ความตื่นเต้น heyecanlı olaylar 戲劇性事件 ефект ہیجان خیز واقعہ یا صورت حال một loạt sự kiện xúc động 戏剧性事件dramatic (drəˈmӕtik) adjective1.

of or in the form of a drama.

a dramatic performance. dramatiese درامي، مَسْرَحي драматически dramático dramatický Schauspiel-… dramatisk θεατρικόςdramático draamavormis نمایشی draama- dramatique דְרָמָטִי नाटकीय dramatičan drámai berbentuk drama leikrænn; leiklistar- drammatico 演劇の 극적인 draminis, dramos dramatisks seni drama toneel-dramatisk, skuespiller-dramatyczny ډرامه يى dramático dra­matic театральный divadelný dramski dramski drama-, teater- ที่เกี่ยวกับละคร dramla ilgili 戲劇的 драматичний ڈرامائی thuộc về kịch 戏剧的3.

(of a person) showing (too) much feeling or emotion.

She’s very dramatic about everything. dramaties شَديد المَشاعِر والعَواطِف драматичен teatral teatrální dramatisch dramatisk μελοδραματικόςdramático, teatral teatraalne پرشور ylitunteileva théâtral דְרָמָטִי अपनी भावनाओं को बहुत ज्यादा प्रदर्शन करने वाला व्यक्ति biti previše emocionalan mindent túldramatizál(ó) emosional leikrænn, dramatískur; tilfinningaríkur teatrale 芝居がかった 감성적인 jausmingas, emocingas emocionāls beremosi dramatischoverdrevet, dramatiskemocjonalny په زړه پورى teatral teatral драматичный teat-rálny vznesen dramatičan dramatisk, teatralisk แสดงอารมณ์ความรู้สึกเกินจริง abartılı, velveleci (指人)誇張做作的 емоційний سنسنی خیز، بہت جذباتی gây xúc động 夸张做作的draˈmatically adverb dramatiese بصورةٍ درامِيَّه драматично dramaticamente dramaticky dramatisch dramatiskt δραματικά, εντυπωσιακάdramáticamente dramaatiliselt به روش نمایشی؛ شگرف dramaattisesti de manière théâtrale בִּדרָמָטִיוּת नाटकीय ढंग से dramatično drámaian secara dramatis á dramatískan hátt, með leikrænum hætti in maniera teatrale 劇的に 극적으로 dramatiškai, teatrališkai, ryškiai dramatiski; teatrāli berseni drama dramatischdramatisk dramatycznie په ناڅاپه ډول dramaticamente teatral драматично;впечатляюще dramaticky dramatično dramatično dramatiskt เป็นอย่างละคร çarpıcı/etkileyici bir şekilde 戲劇性地,誇張做作地 драматично ڈرامائی انداز میں một cách đột ngột 戏剧性地,夸张做作地 ˈdramatist (ˈdrӕ-) nounˈdramatize, ˈdramatise (ˈdrӕ-) verb1.

to turn into the form of a play.

She dramatized the novel for television. dramatiseer يُمَسْرِح، يُحَوِّل إلى مَسْرَحِيَّه драматизирам dramatizar zdramatizovat bearbeiten dramatisere διασκευάζω σε θεατρική μορφή adaptar a la televisión, al cine… lavale seadma به صمرت نمایش درآوردن sovittaa näyttämölle adapter pour la scène לְהַמחִיז नाटक के रूप में परिवर्तित करना prilagoditi za dramsku izvedbu színpadra alkalmaz menjadikan drama færa í leikbúning ridurre in forma di dramma 劇にする 극화하다 inscenizuoti, pritaikyti (teatrui, televizijai) dramatizēt membuat dalam bentuk drama dramatiserendramatisere przerobić na sztukę د ډرامه په ډول جوړول dramatizar a dramatiza инсценировать zdramatizovať prirediti za gledališče dramatizovati dramatisera แปลงเป็นละคร dramatize etmek, oyunlaştırmak 改編成劇本 ставити на сцені, інсценувати ڈرامے کی شکل میں ڈھالنا chuyển thể thành kịch 把(小说等)改编为剧本 2.

to make real events seem like things that happen in a play.

She dramatizes everything so! dramatiseer يُمَسْرِح: يَجْعَل الأحْداث تَبْدو كالمَسْرَحِيهّ، يُضَخِّم подходящ съм за драматична преработка fazer drama dramatizovat dramatisieren dramatisere δραματοποιώ, κάνω κτ. να φαίνεται τραγικό dramatizar dramatiseerima پر شور و غلو آمیز بیان کردن dramatisoida dramatiser לְתָאֵר בִּדרָמָטִיוּת नाटकीय दृश्य बनाना dramatizirati dramatizál mendramatisasi ÿkja drammatizzare 劇的に表現する 극적으로 표현하다 dramatizuoti dramatizēt mendramakan dramatiserenspille ut, gjøre/formidle dramatisk dramatyzować مغلق كول fazer um drama a dramatiza драматизировать dramatizovať dramatizirati dramatizovati dramatisera ทำให้มีลักษณะคล้ายละคร abartmak 戲劇化 драматизувати; перебільшувати ناٹک رچانا làm cho sự việc xúc động hơn 使(事情)戏剧化 dramatiˈzation noun dramatisering مَسْرَحَه، تَجْسيم، تَضْخيم драматизация dramatização dramatizace die Dramatisierung dramatisering δραματοποίηση, διασκευή adaptación teatral, dramatización dramatiseering به صورت نمایش درآوردن dramatisointi dramatisationהמחזה नाटकीकरण, नाट्यकरण dramatizacija színpadra alkalmazás dramatisasi leiktúlkun; ÿkjur; það að færa í leikbúning drammatizzazione 劇化 극화 inscenizavimas, dramatizavimas dramatizējums pendramaan dramatiseringdramatisering dramatyzacja د ډرامه په ډول جوړول dramatização dramatizare инсценировка; драматургия dramatizácia dramatizacija dramatizacija dramatisering การแสดงเกินจริง; การแสดงละคร oyunlaştırma, dramlaştırma 戲劇化 драматизація; інсценування ڈراما سازی sự chuyển thể kịch 编剧,改编成戏剧

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


دراما drama drama Drama δράμα drama näytelmä drame drama dramma 劇 극 drama drama dramat drama драма skådespel บทละคร dram kịch 戏剧

Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

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